• Origins
  • Theoretical Base
  • Likely Neurobiological Mechanisms
  • Descriptions of Five Sets of OEI Techniques
  • Specialized Applications of OEI (Couples, Children, etc.)
  • Case Material & Case Examples (particularly Complex PTSD/DD)


Bradshaw, R. A., Cook, A., & McDonald, M. J. (2011). Observed & experiential integration (OEI): Discovery and development of a new set of trauma therapy techniques. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 21(2), 104-171.


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DOI: 10.1037/a0023966

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Thank you for your interest in OEI!